An amazing species, Hard Maple is considered by many to be the king of the Acer genus, as its wood is stronger, stiffer, harder, and denser than all other species of commercially available Maple.

Also known as “Sugar Maple,” the Hard Maple variety is the one most often tapped for Maple syrup and sugar, both of which were used as trade items by Native American peoples.

Hard Maple grows prolifically throughout Eastern and Midwestern North America, flourishing from Novia Scotia to Georgia, as far west as Manitoba, and south to northern Texas. Everywhere the species flourishes, so does wildlife. Many white-tail deer, snowshoe hare, squirrels, and porcupines rely on it as a food source. And numerous songbird species nest in Hard Maple trees. The species also has potential for rehabilitating disturbed ecological sites. 

Considered by many to be the chameleon of wood veneer, Hard Maple is typically a bright, creamy white color, which allows it to be dyed or stained to achieve any desired look. While it can be wavy, Hard Maple’s subtle, elegant grain is generally straight, allowing it blend into almost any environment, naturally and seamlessly. 

Popular for wood veneer and architectural plywood, you’ll also find Hard Maple underfoot — it’s often the flooring material for basketball courts and dance floors, bowling alleys and residential homes. Other applications include musical instruments, baseball bats, cutting boards, butcher blocks, tool handles, gunstocks, and specialty wood items. 

Species Distribution:

Northeastern North America
Eastern Canada
Northeastern United States
Midwestern United States

Common / Alternative Names:

Sugar Maple
Rock Maple
Birdseye Maple
Sweet Maple

Janka Hardness:

1,450 lbf

Sustainability Status:

CITES Appendices: Not listed
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Not listed

Related Species:

Field Maple (Acer campestre)
Florida Maple (Acer floridanum)
Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum)
Box Elder (Acer negundo)
Black Maple (Acer nigrum)
Striped Maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)
Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus)
Red Maple (Acer rubrum)
Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)
Birdseye Maple (Acer saccharum)
Mountain Maple (Acer spicatum)
Ambrosia Maple (Acer spp.)
Quilted Maple (Acer spp.)
Soft Maple (Acer spp.)
Spalted Maple (Acer spp.)
Curly Maple (Acer spp.)

See It In Use