English Brown Oak

English Brown Oak might easily be the most historied species of tree on earth. Also known simply as “English Oak” or “Common Oak,” the species has been a prized hardwood timber for thousands of years. And been linked with royalty for millennia — ancient kings and Roman Emperors wore crowns of oak leaves.

Legend also has it that Robin Hood and his outlaws used one of the most famous English Oak trees as a hideout. Today, “The Major Oak,” a massive, 1000-year-old, tree is still growing in the middle of Sherwood Forest, in Nottinghamshire, England.

English Brown Oak has also left its mark on the United States. Brought here from Europe in the 1600s, it’s been an important lumber tree for furniture and shipbuilding ever since. And back in the United Kingdom, the English Oak still supports more species of life than any other native tree.

Appearance wise, the regal nature of English Brown Oak is instantly recognizable. It exudes a rich brown color with tan streaks. And while usually straight grained – depending on the growing conditions of the tree – it may be irregular or interlocked. English Brown Oak also features a coarse, uneven texture, and when quartersawn displays prominent ray fleck patterns.

Among the hardest, most durable woods on the planet, English Brown Oak delivers in every way for nearly every application — furniture, flooring, cabinetry, boatbuilding, wood veneer, architectural plywood, and wine barrels.

Species Distribution:

United Kingdom
Asia Minor
North Africa
North America

Common / Alternative Names:

English Oak
Common Oak
Penduculate Oak
European Oak

Janka Hardness:

1,120 lbf

Sustainability Status:

CITES Appendices: Not listed
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Listed as a species of least concern.

Related Species:

Black Oak (Quercus velutina)
Bog Oak
Brown Oak
Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
California Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii)
Cherrybark Oak (Quercus pagoda)
Chestnut Oak (Quercus prinus)
Holm Oak (Quercus ilex)
Japanese Oak (Quercus mongolica)
Laurel Oak (Quercus laurifolia)
Live Oak (Quercus virginiana)
Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana)
Overcup Oak (Quercus lyrata)
Pin Oak (Quercus palustris)
Post Oak (Quercus stellata)
Red Oak (Quercus rubra)
Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)
Sessile Oak (Quercus petraea)
Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii)
Southern Red Oak (Quercus falcata)
Swamp Chestnut Oak (Quercus michauxii)
Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor)
Turkey Oak (Quercus cerris)
Water Oak (Quercus nigra)
White Oak (Quercus alba)
Willow Oak (Quercus phellos)

See It In Use